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dc.contributor.authorElavsky, S.
dc.contributor.authorJandačková, V.
dc.contributor.authorKnapová, L.
dc.contributor.authorVašendová, V.
dc.contributor.authorSebera, M.
dc.contributor.authorKaštovská, B.
dc.contributor.authorBlaschová, D.
dc.contributor.authorKühnová, J.
dc.contributor.authorCimler, R.
dc.contributor.authorVilímek, Dominik
dc.contributor.authorBosek, T.
dc.contributor.authorKoenig, J.
dc.contributor.authorJandačka, D.
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-06T14:12:35Z
dc.date.available2021-03-06T14:12:35Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health. 2021, vol. 21, issue 1, art. no. 126.cs
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10084/142923
dc.description.abstractBackgroundAir pollution has been linked to increased mortality and morbidity. The Program 4 of the Healthy Aging in Industrial Environment study investigates whether the health and wellbeing benefits of physical activity (PA) can be fully realized in individuals living in highly polluted environments. Herein, we introduce the behavioral, psychological and neuroimaging protocol of the study.MethodsThis is a prospective cohort study of N=1500 individuals aged 18-65years comparing: (1) individuals living in the highly polluted, industrial region surrounding the city of Ostrava (n=750), and (2) controls from the comparison region with relative low pollution levels in Southern Bohemia (n=750). Quota sampling is used to obtain samples balanced on age, gender, PA status (60% active runners vs. 40% insufficiently active). Participants are screened and complete baseline assessments through online questionnaires and in-person lab-based assessments of physiological, biomechanical, neuroimaging and cognitive function parameters. Prospective 12-month intensive monitoring of air pollution and behavioral parameters (PA, inactivity, and sleep) follows, with a focus on PA-related injuries and psychological factors through fitness trackers, smartphones, and mobile apps. Subsequently, there will be a 5-year follow-up of the study cohort.DiscussionThe design of the study will allow for (1) the assessment of both short-term variation and long-term change in behavioral parameters, (2) evaluation of the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries and psychological factors impacting behavior and injury recovery, and (3) the impact that air pollution status (and change) has on behavior, psychological resilience, and injury recovery. Furthermore, the integration of MRI techniques and cognitive assessment in combination with data on behavioral, biological and environmental variables will provide an opportunity to examine brain structure and cognitive function in relation to health behavior and air pollution, as well as other factors affecting resilience against and vulnerability to adverse changes in brain structure and cognitive aging. This study will help inform individuals about personal risk factors and decision-makers about the impact of environmental factors on negative health outcomes and potential underlying biological, behavioral and psychological mechanisms. Challenges and opportunities stemming from the timing of the study that coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic are also discussed.cs
dc.language.isoencs
dc.publisherSpringer Naturecs
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBMC Public Healthcs
dc.relation.urihttp://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10166-4cs
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021, The Author(s)cs
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/cs
dc.subjectair pollutioncs
dc.subjectenvironmentcs
dc.subjectphysical activitycs
dc.subjecthealthcs
dc.subjectcognitioncs
dc.subjectneuroimagingcs
dc.subjectagingcs
dc.titlePhysical activity in an air-polluted environment: behavioral, psychological and neuroimaging protocol for a prospective cohort study (Healthy Aging in Industrial Environment study – Program 4)cs
dc.typearticlecs
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12889-021-10166-4
dc.rights.accessopenAccesscs
dc.type.versionpublishedVersioncs
dc.type.statusPeer-reviewedcs
dc.description.sourceWeb of Sciencecs
dc.description.volume21cs
dc.description.issue1cs
dc.description.firstpageart. no. 126cs
dc.identifier.wos000609502800001


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